Artist

Sámuel Révész nèe Rosenfeld and József Kollár

 Co-Worker

 

 Year 

Sámuel  Révész (Rosenfeld) (Budapest, 1877 – Budapest, 1928. XI) and József Kollár (Pest. 1869 – Budapest, 1943. VI)

 Location/Map

 Style

At the turn of the century, the work of Revesz and Kollar represents a further development in the szecesszio style. Their style, in the context of Hungarian Art Nouveau, differ from the Lechner’s works, which tend to a definition of a national Hungarian way to art nouveau inheriting Hungarian folk art elements, and from the stylistic researches of Karoly Kos, Kozma Lajos, Bela Lajta and the Young Architects towards the modernist development of the Hungarian and Transilvanian country side architecture. The style of Revesz and Kollar is heavily influenced by Western Europe, in particular by the German Jugendstil.
The vertical development recalls some German architecture in Darmstadt as well as similar vertical development in Riga. The Neo-gothic stylistic elements, such as façade reliefs, symbolic images, scenes and characters on the façade, angled mascaroons, and carved flutes.
A very particular house also reports a sgraffito (definitively unusual in Budapest Art Nouveau scene) on its façade.
On the contrary of some Hungarian art tendencies (like Godollo school or some primitivism of folk art of the group of the Young Architects or Karoly Kos) tRevesz and Kollar made use of several technological improvements, like iron and glass window façades.
The artistic production of the two architects represent a completely different approach of the turn of the century art and aesthetic in Hungary. Loking better to the international developments rather than to the pure folk art and forms, Revesz and Kollar were within the ones who introduced modernist tendencies in Hungary, a style not influenced by Tolstoyan philosophy, rather with a strong cosmopolitan taste.

 Pictures

Budapest IX., Szamuely utca 30-32. Központi zálogház. architected in 1900, built 1901-1903

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Budapest VIII., Népszínház u. 7. Lakóház 1912

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Budapest VIII., Népszínház u. 7. Lakóház 1912

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Neo-gothic style with vertical lines strengthen with relief and carved marble. Symbolic images, scenes and characters on the façade, angled mascaroons, and carved flutes are all neo-gothic elements with a Jugendstil taste. The development of the building and the architectural lines move up to vertical lines.

 

Budapest VI., Zichy Jenő utca 10. dr. Weisz-ház 1903

Jozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel Revesz

 One of the most interesting Art Nouveau Building in Budapest. The façade is surmounted by two sgraffitos, a technique which was quite unusual in the Hungarian capital city at the turn of the century. Actually this one represents the sole sgraffito conceived and realized with a technique very close to the one widely adopted in Bruxelles (see: Bruxelles Sgraffites on artnouveau.at). Mascaroons differ from other Revesz and Kollar’s buildings. The building style is quite evidently influenced by the western Europe Art Nouveau. Any references to local Hungarian szecesszio is avoided, and the building lacks typical stylistic elements which constitutes the decoration basis of the Hungarian szecesszio.

Budapest V., Deák Ferenc utca 17. Lakó- és üzletház 1910 körül

Jozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszDSCF5062DSCF5061

Modernist tendencies and use of new materials (such like iron and curved glass surfaces) for one of the most interesting and technologically advanced production of Hungarian Art Nouveau.

Budapest V., Váci utca 11 /B. Láhne-üzlet-és lakóház 1912

Jozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel Revesz

 Gothic style combined with Secessionist one; geometric shapes and lines paired with terrific masks and strange characters; clean design combined with numerous symbolic decorative elements. Contradiction and syncretism were used by Sámuel Révész and Jószef Kollár to reinforce the multitude of interpretations of the symbols behind their works. The resulting effect is terrific: an enjoyment for the sight, an exciting challenge for the interpretative capabilities of the intellect, a final checkmate for the unifying efforts of the reason.

Budapest V Deák Ferenc u. 23. Modern-és Breitner Áruház és lakóház

DSCF5053DSCF5054Jozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszDSCF5057Jozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszDSCF5055

 

Budapest VI., Varosliget fasor 40. Révész-villa, saját házuk és műtermük 1911

Jozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel Revesz

 

Budapest VI., Lovag utca 20. Lakóház MP 1906/7

Jozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel Revesz

 

Budapest XIII.. Hegedűs Gyula utca 20. Lakóház 1909

Jozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel Revesz

 

Budapest XIII.. Hegedús Gyula utca 20. Lakóház 1909

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Budapest XIII.. Hegedús Gyula utca 8. Lakóház 1909

Jozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel Revesz

 

Budapest V., Március 15. tér 7. Lakóház 1914. Toldalékként épült a Mátyás Pince épületének eredeti, 1903-ban készüli, Schütz Rezső által tervezett részéhez.]

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Apartments house, Budapest VII, Akacfa utca 20

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Budapest V Báthory u. 7 Lakóház

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Schmahl neogótikus stílusában épült lakóház (Budapest VIII., Rákóczi út 7.).

Jozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel ReveszJozsef Kollar and  Samuel Revesz

Pure neo-gothic style with massive use of Gothic, trefoil and ogee arches.

Budapest XIII.. Hegedús Gyula utca 22-24. Lakóház 1909 (attribuited by Mattia Moretti)

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The decorative style (including squared face mascaroons and grotesque mascaroons just in relief over the façade, together with symbolic female figures) and sructural elements (vertical development, carved  and ondulated surface on the façade, thus providing a sort of neo-gothic taste) are evidences of the Revesz and Kollar art. The buildings themselves are also close to other (the one at number 20) by the same authors. I would then attributed these two apartments houses to Revesz and Kollar, while still seeking for the definitive evidence.

 References

 Sámuel Révész és Jószef Kollár: flying right up to the sky on artnouveau.at

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